Balfour Agreement Map

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The Arab revolt was launched on June 5, 1916 on the basis of the quid pro quo agreement in correspondence. [71] However, less than three weeks earlier, the governments of the United Kingdom, France and Russia surreptitiously concluded the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which Balfour later described as a “completely new method” for dividing the region, after the 1915 agreement “seems to have been forgotten”. [j] The British government, including Churchill, clarified that the declaration did not intend to transform all of Palestine into a Jewish national home, “but that such a house should be created in Palestine.” [xxii] [xxiii] Emir Faisal, king of Syria and Iraq, entered into a formal written agreement with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann, designed by T.E. Lawrence, trying to establish a peaceful relationship between Arabs and Jews in Palestine. [183] The Fayçal-Weizmann Agreement of 3 January 1919 was a short-lived agreement for Jewish-Arab cooperation in the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. [z] Fayçal, in his presentation to the peace conference of 6 February 1919, treated Palestine differently and said: “Because of its universal nature, Palestine should be left on a page for the mutual respect of all concerned.” [185] [186] The agreement was never implemented. [aa] In a letter that Lawrence wrote in English for Fayçal`s signature, he said that the British promised the French, in a separate treaty known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916, that the majority of Palestine would be under international administration, while the rest of the region would be divided between the two colonial powers after the war. In Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, leader of Likud since 1993 and Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, first supported in June 2009 the idea of a Palestinian state alongside Israel, but called for the Palestinians to recognize Israel as a Jewish nation-state with an undivided Jerusalem as Israel`s capital. However, he quickly changed his mind and in March 2010 he declared that Israel would never agree to withdraw from the Jordan Valley as part of an agreement signed with the Palestinians. Five years later, in March 2015, Mr.

Netanyahu, who had already returned to a hard line in the Arab-Israeli conflict, had to promise that no Palestinian state would be formed as long as he remained Prime Minister of Israel. Shortly after his return from Petrograd, Sykes informed Samuel, who informed a meeting of Gaster, Weizmann and Sokolov. Gaster notes in his diary, April 16, 1916: “We are offered a Franco-English condo in Palest. Arab prince to reconcile Arab sentiments and, within the framework of the Constitution, a charter for the Zionists that England would guarantee and which, in any case, would be at our side of friction… The implementation of our Zionist programme is almost complete. But we stressed the national nature of the Charter, freedom of immigration and internal autonomy and, at the same time, the full right to citizenship for [illegibles] and Jews in Palestine. [83] In Syke`s mind, the agreement that bore his name was outdated even before it was signed – in March 1916, he wrote in a private letter: “In my opinion, the Zionists are now the key to the situation.” [xii] [85] In this case, neither the French nor the Russians were enthusiastic about the proposed wording and, finally, on 4 July, Wolf was informed that “the current announcement date was not appropriate”. [86] These war initiatives, including the declaration, are often viewed jointly by historians, because they are real or imaginary, and are incompatible, especially with regard to the disposition of Palestine. [87] In the words of Professor Albert Hourani, founder of the Middle East Centre at St Antony`s College, Oxford: “The argument on the interpretation of these agreements is impossible to put an end to because they should carry more than one interpretation.” [88] In July 1949, as a result of the ceasefire agreements between Israel and the Arab States, a temporary border was established between Israel and its neighbours.

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