The UN climate agreement, signed last year in Paris, is expected to improve over time. The Paris Agreement is a pioneering environmental agreement adopted by almost all nations in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative effects. The agreement aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions in order to limit the increase in global temperature to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century, while pursuing ways to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees. The agreement includes a commitment by all major emitting countries to reduce their climate pollution and strengthen these commitments over time. The compact provides a way for developed countries to assist developing countries in their efforts to combat climate change and adapt and provides a framework for transparency in monitoring, reporting and strengthening countries` individual and collective climate objectives. Trump – a climate denier who claimed climate change was a “scam” committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States would not be able to officially withdraw until November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections.
Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, as countries have not declared their intention to leave the 1992 UNFCCC as “Annex 1” countries, they will continue to be required under the UNFCCC to prepare national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  The Paris Agreement on Climate Change is the first universal, legally binding global climate agreement. The aim of the agreement is to keep the rise in global temperatures well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while limiting the rise to 1.5 degrees. The agreement aims to ensure that global greenhouse gas emissions reach their peak as quickly as possible and offset emissions and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the second half of this century. The agreement also addresses climate change adaptation, financial and other assistance to developing countries, technology transfer and capacity building, and loss and damage. The quality of each country on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be continuously monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker and the Climate Clock). COP20 requires all countries to clearly, transparently and understandably define their contributions to the 2015 agreement. Once the agreement enters into force, countries agree on a common timetable for their future contributions. This means that future cycles will eventually harmonize, with each country setting targets for the same period.
Both the EU and its Member States are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. It has been reported that the EU and its 28 Member States are simultaneously depositing their instruments of ratification to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to obligations belonging exclusively to each other, and some feared a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. Just like the British vote to leave the EU, the Paris Pact could be delayed.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU deposited its instruments of ratification on 5 October 2016. October 2016 with several EU Member States.  It was a slow journey to get nations around the world to agree on climate change, but many people say there is a newly discovered initiative to bring about real change.