S.K. Sinha said that Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had informed the Indian delegation prior to the Karachi meeting, telling them that the UN resolution recognized the legality of Kashmir`s accession to India and that, therefore, any “no man`s land” would belong to India. The Pakistani delegation should provide the UN Commission with proof of its actual positions of control over the entire territory they claim. Sinha explained that, on the basis of this principle, the agreement delimited several hundred square kilometres of territory on the Indian side, although there were no Indian troops in the area.  The 830-kilometre ceasefire line, established in the agreement, began from the southernst point of the Chenab River in Jammu. It took place in a rough arc to the north and then northeast to the coordinate of the NJ9842 maps, about 19 km north of the Shyok River.  On 2 July 1972, the two countries agreed. The main elements of the Simla agreement are: the summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date. The summit conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The objective of the agreement was to define the measures envisaged to normalize bilateral relations and to resolve mutual disputes through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations. India wanted to solve all the problems in one package, so it proposed a treaty of friendship that required the two countries to refrain from the use of force in dispute resolution, not to interfere in each other`s internal affairs, not to participate in the settlement of their disputes and to renounce military alliances directed against each other.
Pakistan wanted to focus on issues as immediate as the release of prisoners of war, the withdrawal of troops and the resumption of diplomatic relations. It rejected the Indian proposal on the grounds that it would imply a lasting adoption of the partition of Kashmir and the withdrawal of the UN Kashmir dispute. Chander Suta Dogra, a high-ranking Indian journalist, has been researching the history of the 54 missing for several years. She spoke with retired army officers, bureaucrats and relatives of the soldiers and also recovered letters, newspaper clippings, memoirs, newspapers, photos and recordings from the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Missing in Action: Prisoners who have never returned, their carefully researched new book, try to answer the key question: What happened to these men? From the point of the NJ9842 map, it must pass north of the international border with China, at a distance of about 60 to 65 km.