While 400 years earlier, the Magna Carta had founded the idea of the rule of law, it previously meant the king`s law. In the Mayflower Compact, pilgrims and foreigners vibrated their loyalty to the laws they would make themselves. As historian Rebecca Fraser wrote in her book The Mayflower: The Families, the Voyage and the Founding of America, “the Plymouth Colony was the first experiment in consensual government in Western history between individuals among themselves and not with a monarch.” The Mayflower Compact was clearly a religious document, as it stated that the people derived their right to self-government from God. But he did not mention any particular church or method of worship, so he remained open to the acceptance of separatist pilgrims and “foreigners,” many of whom remained faithful to the Church of England. Our editors will review what you have submitted and decide whether or not to revise the article. In this sense, they set out to create a temporary set of laws to govern themselves according to the agreement of the majority. The idea of self-government was promoted by the Glorious Revolution and the Bill of Rights of 1689, which stipulated that the British Parliament – not the king – had ultimate authority in government. In the 1730s, the legislature began passing laws regulating their colonies in America. The Sugar Act set a tax of six pence per gallon of sugar or molasses imported into the colonies, and by 1750 Parliament had begun to prohibit, restrict, or tax several other products.
This caused a lot of anger among the settlers, although their tax burden was quite low compared to most subjects of the European monarchies of the same period. Slowly, as the crown`s interference increased, the colonists felt more and more resentment at the gutting of British control over the colonies. Colonial economies operated under mercantilism, a system based on the belief that colonies existed to increase the wealth of the homeland. England tried to regulate trade and prohibit the colonies from trading with other European countries. England also retained the right to tax the colonies. Trade and taxes were difficult for England to control, so an informal agreement was formed. England regulated trade, but granted settlers the right to levy their own taxes. The smugglers soon took advantage of the Inability of the English to protect a port by secretly trading in contraband against the will of Parliament . . .